Some populations are more vulnerable to human trafficking than others. A few of these include children, the homeless, and people with mental health issues. Traffickers often exploit vulnerable victims to create dependency. While men are usually used for sex trafficking, women are also often victims. It’s believed that around one in five victims are children. They are often exploited for begging, child labor, and pornography.
Due to various sources of information about the prevalence of human trafficking, it’s challenging to determine exactly how widespread it is worldwide. In 2017, the UN’s International Labor Organization released a study that estimated about 6 million victims of modern slavery. The study, which was conducted yearly, estimated that the number of people who were victims of trafficking on a given day in 2016 was about the same as the previous year.
The data collected by the ILO is beneficial for anti-trafficking groups as it shows how prevalent the issue is globally. It also explains the various types of trafficking that are commonly carried out.
Victims of Human Trafficking
According to the ILO, there were about 24.9 million victims of modern slavery in various countries. The organization defines forced labor as the type of exploitation commonly used in the US and other countries. It includes both sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation. This figure includes both the private and state-imposed sectors.
Labor Trafficking Victims
The ILO noted that in 2016, about 20.1 million individuals were victims of labor trafficking. This includes people who were forced to work or perform services under threat of harm or punishment. In most cases, this type of exploitation can happen in different places, such as factories and farms. Men were more likely to be victims of labor trafficking than women.
Sex Trafficking Victims
The organization also noted that about 4.8 million individuals were victims of commercial sexual exploitation in 2016. This includes people who were involved in the sex industry and children. Almost all of these victims were women and girls. Around 3.8 million of these victims were adults, while the rest were children.
Without a comprehensive understanding of the scope of human trafficking, we will not be able to address the issue effectively. This is why we must gather data on the problem to implement effective measures to prevent it from happening in the first place.